Surface projections of the major organs of the trunk, using the vertebral column and rib cage as main reference points of superficial anatomy. The transpyloric plane and McBurney’s point are among the marked locations.
Locations of specific organs:
The following vertebral levels are generally given by the middle of the vertebral body:
The oblique fissure of the right lung goes from the spinal process of thoracic vertebra 3 towards the navel
The horizontal fissure goes along the 4th rib (the original image from Gray has this line almost at the 5th rib, but this is not labeled in image, as other lung images seem to support the upper level)
The cardia of the stomach is at the level of the 10th rib
The fundus of the stomach is in the 5th intercostal space, slightly below the apex of the heart
Pylorus is usually at the L1 (the transpyloric plane)
The transpyloric plane is at the level of:
lumbar vertebra 1
the pancreatic body
the origins of the superior mesenteric artery from the aorta and portal vein
the left and right colic flexure
hilum of the kidney on the left
upper pole of the kidney on the right
McBurney’s point is located one third of a line from the anterior superior iliac spine and the navel
The upper rim of the liver is in the 5th intercostal space
The left lobe of the liver is to the left of the midline
The lower limit of the liver at the midline is approximately 3 cm below processus xiphoideus
The spleen is projected against the 9th and 10th rib on the backside
The left kidney is approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3, and the right one slightly lower.
The average position of the highest point of the spleen is at the level of the lower third of the tenth thoracic vertebra.
The average position of the lowest point of the spleen is at the level of the middle third of the first lumbar vertebra.
The Aeolus Acoustic Wind Pavilion is a wind-singing metal sculpture by Bristol-based artist Luke Jerram that lets windy gusts and breezes find their capacity for articulation. Using no electrical power to assist the melody-making, nylon harp strings are attached to some of its tubes, diverting wind into the centre of the work to create sound. Even the unstrung tubes are tuned to an aeolian scale to hum at low frequencies.
In the past, I have made no secret of my interest of the world of transportation. Steven, a medical student who has a passion for both medicine and design, produced this conceptualized diagram of the gastric area, the tissues, and vessels.
For more works by this exceptional student, you can check out some of his illustrations on his blog or website.
With no domestic sources of fossil fuels (well – except for wood of course), there has always been a push in Sweden to go for local sources of energy. A fairly large number of reasonably sized rivers made hydropower an interesting alternative and large installations were made in the early 1900s. The main railways in Sweden were electrified from 1914 and onwards and at the time of WWII, a substantial coverage had been achieved by international standards. Today some > 95% of the rail transport effort is done with electric traction.
“In 1920 Manuel Orazi was called on to design the sets, costumes, and posters for the film adaptation of Pierre Benoit’s novel L’Atlantide. A story of a monstrous Queen Antinea, descendant of the rulers of Atlantis, it was a perfect fit for Orazi’s theosophy leanings. Orazi had already had a very distinguished career, which included posters for Sarah Bernhardt’s Theodora, Empress of Byzantium, jewelry and poster designs for the Maison Moderne, and various illustrated books by authors like Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Baudelaire, and Oscar Wilde.” –Nekokaiju